When were the 2017 presidential? How were they organized? The election timetable and course of the presidential campaign leading to the election of Emmanuel Macron.
- 1 Days polls
- 2 our video
- 3 Debate between the two towers
- 4 Program and profession of faith
- 5 Announcement of results
- 6 List of candidates
- 7 Conditions to Vote
- 8 electoral Rolls
- 9 Voter's card
- 10 Distance voting
- 11 Proxy
- 12 white vote
- 13 Hours of polling
- 14 French abroad
- 15 Control of the vote
- 16 Referrals
- 17 Speaking time
- 18 Assets Declaration
- 19 campaign costs
- 20 Date of primary
The exact dates of the 2017 presidential elections were set at the Council of Ministers of 4 May 2016. The first round was set at Sunday, April 23, 2017 while the second round was held on Sunday, May 7, 2017.
The 2017 legislation will take place a few weeks after the presidential elections.
Due to the time difference, in the second round, voters voted Saturday, May 6 in French Polynesia, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyana, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin. In the 1st round, they voted Saturday, April 22.
The French presidential elections were held a few months before the German federal elections of 2017. They take place 6 months after the US elections in 2016, which saw the victory of Donald Trump.
The advice of Eric Roig, founding director of droit-finances.net
Debate between the two towers
A debate between the two finalists, Marine Le Pen and Emmanuel Macron, took place during this period between the two rounds, on 3 May. It was moderated by journalists Christophe Jakubyszyn (TF1) and Nathalie Saint-Cricq (France 2).
Program and profession of faithThe programs of the two candidates in the second round of presidential can be downloaded online as PDF files. These professions of faith sent to voters by mail.
- Download the profession of faith of Marine Le Pen;
- Download the profession of faith of Emmanuel Macron.
Announcement of results
The results were announced by the media from 20 pm on the evening of each ballot. But it was not official estimates and results.
The days of the official results by the Constitutional Council are respectively set to 26 April 2017 for the scores of the first round and 17 May 2017 for those of the second round.
To lead France, the new President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, will need a majority in the National Assembly. This will require that his movement (and its potential allies) also won the parliamentary elections of June.
List of candidates
The second round of 7 May pitted the two qualified candidates in the 1st round: Marine Le Pen and Emmanuel Macron. Both candidates came top on 23 April, respectively:
- 24.01% of votes for Emmanuel Macron;
- 21.30% of the vote for Marine Le Pen.
11 candidates ran in the first round of presidential elections.
The final list of candidates is known since March 18, when the recording of the 500 referrals was closed by the Constitutional Council. The list of candidates for the first round of presidential was as follows (in alphabetical order):
- Nathalie Arthaud (LO, LO);
- François Asselineau (Popular Republican Union, UPR);
- Jacques Cheminade (Solidarity and Progress, SP);
- Nicolas Dupont-Aignan (France Arise, DLF);
- François Fillon (Republicans, RS);
- Benoit Hamon (Socialist Party, PS);
- Jean Lassalle;
- Marine Le Pen (Front National, FN);
- Emmanuel Macron (running, EM);
- Jean-Luc Mélenchon (Left Front, FG);
- Philippe Poutou (New Anti-Capitalist Party-NPA).
The official publication of the list of presidential candidates is published in the Official Journal of 21 March 2017.
Following an announcement made on 22 February, François Bayrou - who was a candidate in the last three presidential elections - will not stand for these elections. Former candidate Modem rallied to the candidacy of Emmanuel Macron.
Moreover, the ecologist candidate Yannick Jadot formally withdrew his candidacy on February 23 following an agreement with the Socialist candidate Benoît Hamon.
Conditions to Vote
To vote for president, you must have French nationality, be important, enjoy your civil and political rights and be registered as voters. In principle, you have to register on the electoral roll before 31 December 2016 evening in order to vote in 2017. But exceptions exist, however.
Major protected by a measure of guardianship or trusteeship can vote for president.
If recent move, you must register on the electoral lists of your new joint. If you do not, you will vote in your old town, unless that you wrote off its electoral lists.
To ensure you are well on the lists, you must contact your city by phone, some communes (Paris, Lyon, Marseille ...) to accomplish these online initiatives on their websites. Appeals are possible to vote if you are not on the lists, and your old town hall does not notify you of your radiation, see and appeals to vote in case of disenfranchisement.
If you can not find your electoral card, do not panic: check the formalities in order to vote in the event of lost voter cards.
To vote for president, it is necessary to go to the polling station or vote by proxy. It is not possible to vote by mail or internet.
If you could not get to your polling place on Election Day, you could still vote by proxy (see what to do).
Note that in areas A and B, the day of the 1st round fell during the dates of Easter 2017. The inhabitants of these areas went on holiday on election day could therefore set up a proxy to vote.
Blank votes are counted in the presidential. Their count is distinguished from invalid ballots. See the rules and count the white vote for president.
Hours of polling
Polling stations open at 8 am. A significant change took place after the 2017 presidential: the schedule of polls closing is now set at 19 hours in all municipalities. However, local exemptions are possible for close of business on 20 hours.
Previously, the closing time was generally set at 18h in public weakly or moderately populated and 20h in the big cities. This new rule aims to prevent leakages in the early recounts to 18h before the polls closed in all cities.
The French abroad could vote for president if they are included on consular electoral list. Otherwise, it is still possible to vote in France for those on a list of electors for a French commune, including giving proxy.
The French expatriates are automatically registered on the consular electoral lists as they are recorded in the register of French outside France. If you are not on the register, you can always ask your registration on a consular electoral list by contacting your embassy or consulate.
In principle, the date of the vote from abroad French is attached to the same day as that for the French living in France. So to 23 April (1st round) and May 7 (2nd round). However, due to the time difference, the polls will be held respectively on 22 April and 6 May for expatriates living in the Americas.
Control of the vote
To prevent the risk of fraud or disruption of the vote, about 2,000 delegates to the Constitutional Council role was to monitor the functioning of the polling stations. These delegates are chosen from administrative and judicial magistrates.
As for the last presidential elections, candidates were all together at least 500 elected sponsorships to validate their candidacy. With a change in 2017: now, signatures are transmitted directly to the Constitutional Council by the signatories elected. The new sponsorships were published as and on the website of the Board at least twice a week. The first publication took place on 1 March.
The deadline for submission of sponsorships was set for Friday, March 17 to 18 hours. The Constitutional Council published the final numbers of signatures each candidate the next day (Saturday March 18). The list of candidates was then officially published in the Official Journal.
The rules on speaking time candidates have been modified from the presidential 2017. Until 10 April, a principle of fairness had replaced the old principle of equality.
To ensure that the media well respected this principle of equity, CSA took account of the representativeness of candidates. This was determined through the results of the elections of recent years as well as surveys by pollsters. He was also considering the contribution of each candidate to the animation of the electoral debate.
This equity principle was applicable to the date of the official start of the campaign, set to 10 April 2017. However, in the two weeks preceding the first ballot, each candidate benefited from the same amount of time in media regardless of its supposed importance electorally: this is the return of the principle of equality of speaking time, which lasted until the end of the campaign of the 1st round, set for Friday, April 21 at midnight .
For more information, you can consult the rules of distribution and counting of speaking time for presidential candidates.
Each of the 11 presidential candidates had to file his statement of assets with the High Authority for the transparency of public life (accounts and bank books, property, securities, life insurance, etc.). New since the presidential: All statements of candidates can now be viewed online on the internet via the website of the HATVP. The asset declarations are online since March 22, 2017. They were open until 1 tower date from which only the statements of the two remaining candidates remain available.
For more information and access to statements of candidates, you can consult the rules for the declaration of assets of candidates for the presidential election in 2017.
Funding for the campaign each candidate is subject to strict control rules. Ceilings applicable to the amounts of campaign costs, part of which may be reimbursed by the state based on the score of the candidate. See rules and reimbursement of presidential campaign.
Date of primary
Among Republicans, to Europe Ecology - The Greens and the Socialist Party primary were held before the presidential order to designate a candidate who respectively represent the different party in the first round of the election.
The Republicans (LR)
Among Republican primary took place last November. Their dates were fixed to 20 November 2016 (first round) and 27 November 2016 (2nd round).
During the first round, François Fillon arrived well ahead of the vote ahead of Alain Juppé. The second round thus pitted two candidates. This is the former Prime Minister Nicolas Sarkozy (who he was eliminated in the 1st round) won the election with a clear lead over Alain Juppé.
This vote was not reserved for members LR. Any voter could indeed vote in the primary right and center when it fulfilled some conditions. See how well primary vote the right.
Socialist Party (PS)
Socialist primary took place at the end of January, 2017.
The first round was set for 22 January 2017. The two leading candidates are Benoit Hamon and Manuel Valls.
This is Benoît Hamon who finally won in the second round (with 58% of votes) a week later, Sunday, Jan. 29.
The candidate of Europe Ecology - The Greens has also been nominated by his party after a primary. It's Yannick Jadot who won the nomination on Nov. 7.
February 23, 2017, the ecologist candidate eventually withdrew his candidacy in favor of that of the PS candidate, Benoît Hamon.
Photo credits: © Atlantis - Fotolia.com
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