Prompt command (cmd) in Windows 10, 8 and 7

The command prompt is a way to perform advanced actions using text commands. This article explains how to access the command prompt. Generally favored by advanced, user is hidden from novice users to ensure that they execute commands that could alter the system.

Prompt command (cmd) in Windows 10, 8 and 7

Go to the command prompt

There are several ways to access the command prompt, the simplest is to enter one of the following keyboard combinations:
  • Windows + R allow you to view the Run dialog box, simply enter cmd to open the command prompt. Prompt command (cmd) in Windows 10, 8 and 7


To open the command prompt in administrator mode (needed for some commands), run the command runas / user: yourusername cmd

Another way is to do it from the Task Manager by pressing Ctrl + Alt + Delete and choosing Task Manager and finally File / New Task (Run), then cmd Prompt command (cmd) in Windows 10, 8 and 7

Orders

Some commands are dangerous (the example of SYSKEY) and can cause problems that can lead to formatting. Other commands are not executable under earlier versions of Windows.

Control Panel

  • APPWIZ.CPL : Opens the Add / Remove Program
  • azman.msc Opens Authorization Manager (For Vista only)
  • certmgr.msc Opens certificates for the current user
  • cliconfg Opens client configuration SQL
  • comexp.msc or DCOMCNFG : Opens tool services and components (for Vista only)
  • COMPMGMT.MSC : Opens the Computer Management tool
  • COMPUTERDEFAULTS : Open the Default Programs tool (for Vista only)
  • CONTROL / NAME MICROSOFT.BACKUPANDRESTORECENTER : Opens the center backup and restore (For Vista only). Tutorial HERE
  • Control admintools : Opens the administration tools
  • COLOR CONTROL Opens the appearance settings
  • CONTROL FOLDERS : Opens the folder options
  • CONTROL FONTS : Opens the font manager
  • INTERNATIONAL CONTROL or INTL.CPL : Opens the regional and language options
  • CONTROL KEYBOARD Opens properties keyboard
  • MOUSE CONTROL or MAIN.CPL : Opens Mouse Properties
  • CONTROL PRINTERS : Opens printers and fax available
  • control userpasswords Opens the editor of user accounts
  • control userpasswords2 or netplwiz : Controlling users and their access
  • CONTROL Opens the Control Panel
  • CREDWIZ : Opens the backup and restore tool of user passwords (for Vista only)
  • desk.cpl Opens the display settings
  • DEVMGMT.MSC Opens the Device Manager. Tutorial HERE
  • DRWTSN32 Opens Dr. Watson (For XP only)
  • DXDIAG : Opens the DirectX Diagnostic Tool
  • EVENTVWR or EVENTVWR.MSC Opens the Event Viewer
  • fsmgmt.msc Opens shared folders
  • GPEDIT.MSC Opens the editor Group Policies (For more professional editions of Windows)
  • HDWWIZ.CPL Opens assistant added material
  • INFOCARDCPL.CPL Opens the Program Compatibility Wizard
  • irprops.cpl Opens the infrared manager
  • ISCSICPL Opens the initiator ISCI Microsoft configuration tool (for Vista only)
  • JOY.CPL Opens the Game Controller tool
  • Lpksetup Opens the Setup Wizard and uninstall display languages ​​(for Vista only)
  • lusrmgr.msc Opens the editor of the local users and groups
  • MDSCHED Opens the Windows Memory Diagnostics tool (for Vista only)
  • MMC : Opens a new empty console
  • MMSYS.CPL Opens sound settings
  • MobSync Opens Sync Center
  • MSCONFIG Opens the System Configuration Tool
  • NAPCLCFG.MSC Opens the NAP Client Configuration tool (for Vista only)
  • NTMSMGR.MSC : Opens the manager of removable storage media
  • NTMSOPRQ.MSC Opens applications for the removable storage operator
  • ODBCAD32 Opens the ODBC Data Source Administrator
  • optionalfeatures : Opens the Add / Remove Windows Components (For Vista only)
  • PERFMON or perfmon.msc Opens Reliability Monitor and Windows performance.
  • powercfg.cpl : Opens manager power modes (for Vista only)
  • regedit or REGEDT32 (For Vista only) opens the registry editor
  • REKEYWIZ : Opens manager file encryption certificates (for Vista only)
  • RSOP.MSC : Opens the RSoP
  • secpol.msc Opens local security settings
  • SERVICES.MSC Opens the service manager
  • SYSDM.CPL : Opens the system properties
  • SYSEDIT : Opens the System Configuration Editor (Attention to handle with caution)
  • SYSKEY Opens the protection utility of the database of Windows accounts (Attention to handle with extreme caution!)
  • SYSPREP: Opens the folder containing the System Preparation Tool (For Vista only)
  • TABLETPC.CPL Opens parameters for Tablet PC (For Vista only)
  • taskschd.msc or CONTROL schedtasks : Open the Task Scheduler (for Vista only)
  • TELEPHON.CPL : Opens the telephone connection tool
  • timedate.cpl : Opens the parameters of time and date
  • tpm.msc Opens the TPM management tool on the local computer (for Vista only)
  • UTILMAN Opens the options for ergonomics (for Vista only)
  • CHECK : Opens the pilot audit manager
  • wmimgmt.msc Opens Windows Management Infrastructure
  • wscui.cpl Opens the Windows Security Center
  • wuaucpl.cpl Opens the Windows Update service (for XP only)

Windows programs and tools

  • % WINDIR% \ System32 \ RESTORE \ rstrui.exe Opens the System Restore tool (for XP only). Tutorial HERE
  • CALC Opens the calculator
  • CHARMAP Opens the character table
  • Clipbrd : Opens the clipboard (For XP only, to add to Vista see HERE)
  • CMD : Opens a command prompt
  • DIALER : Opens the Windows numerator phone
  • DVDPLAY Opens your DVD player
  • EUDCEDIT Opens editor private characters
  • TO EXPLORE Opens Windows Explorer
  • FSQUIRT Bluetooth Transfer Wizard
  • IEXPLORE Opens Internet Explorer
  • IEXPRESS : Opens the wizard for creating self-extracting archives. Tutorial HERE
  • NEWSPAPER Opens a new journal (For Vista only)
  • MAGNIFY : Opens the magnifying glass
  • MBLCTR Opens the Windows Mobility Center (for Vista only)
  • migwiz Opens the File Transfer tool and Windows settings (For Vista only)
  • migwiz.exe Opens the File Transfer tool and settings from Windows (for XP only)
  • Moviemk Opens Windows Movie Maker
  • MRT : Launches the malware removal utility. Tutorial HERE
  • MSDT : Opens the diagnostics tool and Microsoft Support
  • MSINFO32 Opens the system information
  • MSPAINT Opens Paint
  • MSRA Opens the Windows Remote Assistance
  • MSTSC Opens the desktop connection tool Remote
  • NOTEPAD Opens Notepad
  • OSK : Opens the screen keyboard. Tutorial HERE
  • PRINTBRMUI : Opens the printer migration wizard (Vista only)
  • rstrui Opens the System Restore tool (for Vista only)
  • SIDEBAR Opens the Windows Sidebar (For Vista only)
  • SIGVERIF Opens the File Signature Verification tool
  • SNDVOL Opens Volume Mixer
  • SNIPPINGTOOL : Opens the screen capture tool (for Vista only). Tutorial HERE
  • SoundRecorder : Opens the tape
  • STIKYNOT Opens the reminder (for Vista only)
  • TABTIP Opens Tablet PC Input Panel (For Vista only)
  • taskmgr Opens the Windows Task Manager
  • WAB : Opens the contacts (For Vista only)
  • WERCON : Opens the reporting and tool solutions to problems (for Vista only)
  • WinCal Opens Windows Calendar (For Vista only)
  • WINCHAT Opens Microsoft software network chat (For Windows XP only)
  • WINDOWSANYTIMEUPGRADE : Allows the upgrade of Windows Vista
  • WINVER : Opens the window to know your Windows version
  • WINWORDOpens Word (if installed)
  • WMPLAYER Opens Windows Media Player
  • WRITE or Wordpad Opens Wordpad

Disk Management

  • CHKDSK : Performs a partition analysis specified in the command parameters (For more information, type CHKDSK /? in the command prompt CMD)
  • cleanmgr : Opens the Disk Cleanup tool
  • DEFRAG: Defragment the hard drive (how to use it here)
  • dfrg.msc : Opens the disk defragmentation tool
  • diskmgmt.msc : Opens the disk manager
  • DISKPART : Opens partitioning tool (a bit heavy to handle)

Network management and Internet

  • CONTROL NETCONNECTIONS or NCPA.CPL Opens network connections
  • FIREWALL.CPL Opens the Windows Firewall
  • inetcpl.cpl Opens Internet properties
  • IPCONFIG Displays IP address configuration on the computer (For more information, type IPCONFIG /? in the command prompt CMD)
  • netsetup.cpl Opens assistant network configuration (For XP only)
  • wf.msc Opens the advanced features of Windows Firewall (for Vista only). Tutorial HERE
  • SEE ALSO: Windows IP networks related Commands

other orders

  • % HOMEDRIVE% : Opens explorer on the partition or the operating system is installed
  • % HOMEPATH% Opens the user folder currently connected C: \ Documents and Settings \ [username]
  • % PROGRAMFILES% : Opens the installation folder other programs (Program Files)
  • % TEMP% or% TMP%: opens the temporary folder
  • % USERPROFILE% Opens the profile of the folder currently connected
  • % WINDIR% or % SYSTEMROOT% Opens the Windows installation folder
  • % WINDIR% \ system32 \ rundll32.exe shell32.dll, Control_RunDLL hotplug.dll Displays the window "Remove Hardware Safely"
  • AC3FILTER.CPL Opens properties AC3 filter (if installed)
  • FIREFOX : Launches Mozilla Firefox (if installed)
  • javaws : Displays the cover of JAVA software (if installed)
  • LOGOFF : Closes the current session
  • NETPROJ : Allows or not connecting to a network projector (For Vista only)
  • System File Checker (Requires Windows CD if the cache is not available): (Tutorial here)
    • SFC / SCANNOW : Scans immediately all system files and repairs damaged files
    • SFC / VERIFYONLY : Scans only the system files
    • SFC / SCANFILE ="name and file path" : Scans the specified file, and repairs if damaged
    • SFC / VERIFYFILE ="name and file path" : Scans only the specified file
    • SFC / scanonce : Scans the next reboot system files
    • SFC / REVERT : Resets settings (For more information, type SFC /? in the command prompt CMD.
  • SHUTDOWN : Off Windows
  • SHUTDOWN -A : Interrupt Windows shutdown
  • VSP1CLN Removes the installation cache service pack 1 for Vista (tutorial here)

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